Contrasts: SETI & UFOlogy


UFO proponents who wish to claim an air of scientific legitimacy, or on the other hand perhaps as a sort of tu-quoque argument, will often compare UFOlogy with the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI) program. It seems to me that they are vastly different, hardly comparable. Any attempt to compare them is a false analogy.

First, the questions they ask are logically distinct, for where SETI basically asks “Is there intelligent life elsewhere in the universe?,” and answers this with “Perhaps,” UFO ‘experts’ ask “Are we being visited by intelligent life from elsewhere in the universe?,” and tend to answer this with an unequivocal “Yes!” The tentative thinking of the one, and the certitude of thought of the other alone is enough to set them apart.

SETI doesn’t presume the existence of aliens, it merely concedes that they are possible, and probable, unlike UFOlogists who presuppose the existence, and in a further logical leap, the visitation of Earth, of and by intelligent beings from other worlds as a given by definition.

SETI, unlike most UFO organizations, employs a rigorous approach to evidence, and upon the reception of any seemingly anomalous signals from space, first attempts to eliminate and isolate as many conventional sources of random noise and signal aberrations as are then conceivable, before accounting for all and even then, do not rush to declare to the media the announcement of alien contact, employing multiple independent confirmations and cross-checking before making a statement.

After all, if alien intelligence were a certainty, why look? A good example of the process, with some fictional liberties in the details of the technology, is described in Carl Sagan’s novel Contact, which describes it better than I can go into here.

This is in stark contrast with many UFOlogists, who not only express a certainty of the existence of ETIs, but unequivocally declare that they are already here, that impending evidence to reveal The Truth™ of the alien presence by the governments of the world is ‘just around the corner.’ They’ve been saying that for decades now, conspiratorial claims and all.

This, in spite of what we have good reason to think we know at present of the size and age of the universe, the evolution of life on Earth, and the limits on interstellar, much less intergalactic, travel imposed by distance and currently understood physical laws, the hazards of even near-light velocity travel.

SETI is science, using probabilistic thinking, scientific methodology, and logic, employing an extremely high bar for evidence, for the stakes of the discovery of alien intelligence would be high, and would have a monumental impact on human society. If they are to confirm such contact, they must make sure that no mistakes are made, because the world is watching.

UFO mythology, on the other hand, is pseudoscience, declaring as a given alien visitation and employing at times near-nonexistent standards of evidence, conspiracy theories, logical fallacies, and otherwise unscientific reasoning. It is also a pronounced failure of the human imagination. And this is supplemented by a naive, sometimes callous, disregard for the human fallibilities of even the most dependable eyewitnesses and the anecdotal testimony they relate, not realizing that a mountain of crappy evidence is still crap.

Mind you, I’m not anti-alien, and as a science-fiction fan I would be delighted if we made such contact. But if it comes down to either declaring alien visitation every time there’s an odd light in the sky, or using science and reason to confirm genuine extraterrestrial contact beyond a reasonable doubt, I’ll opt for the latter, thank you very much.

(Republished. Last Update: 2019/3/30)

Modern Mythic Parallels: Fey vs. Grey


I love folklore, especially that involving various supernatural beings and modern tales of the paranormal. Over time, I’ve noticed some parallels between the lore of the Wee Folk and those of modern science-fiction and popular UFO mythology.

No, I don’t believe in the literal existence of faeries, as I have certain standards to maintain. Despite the content and tone of my last April Fool’s post, this is a skeptical blog, so chill.

I’ve noticed much similarity between the various tales told concerning the Fair Folk, and accounts people have given of UFO abductions and sightings. These things appear to use the same structure and generalities, differing only in the cultural context, and the trappings that they use.

Only the window-dressing seems to differ. Yes, classic and ever-popular Failures of the Human Imagination™, ie. like the alien Greys that commonly and banally populate the UFO literature are just Good Neighbors repackaged and given a new lease on life in today’s world, as are many of the earlier aliens of science-fiction.

What’s the difference, for example, between people being taken to the Land of Faerie while alone, and the classic Barney-and-Betty-Hill style abduction scenario, also of physically isolated people, beyond mere cosmetic details? I’d say none at all. Both involve the subjects being incapacitated (by faerie magic or alien technology…), then taken away to a strange place while in this state. Victims often interact in some fashion with their captors (whether as interviewees, guests, or weird sex experiments). And both involve the story element of “missing time.”

There’s much similarity between the relatively diminutive size of (not always, but over the last few decades, most often in the popular consciousness…) the aliens and that of some of the more ‘elfin’ Fey, such as the Bogans and the ever popular (and not evil, but dangerously indifferent to the human condition…) Dark Grey Man, the Bodach Glas of the British Isles, or the more malignant Duergar, or Grey Dwarves.

Many such Fey are shown in both tradition and modern fantasy fiction as being psychologically alien to humans, often showing behavior that seems bizarre by most standards, as do the seemingly dispassionate Greys when they are claimed to eviscerate random livestock, doodle in grain fields or subject humans to embarrassing medical experiments, none of these for any reason that makes any sense.

I could go on with further points of similarity, but I think you get the idea. It seems apparent to me that this is just one piece in a bigger picture showing that the UFO phenomenon and alien abduction scenarios are much more likely to be a psycho-cultural than extraterrestrial in nature. It looks like a phenomenon that has been with us for a very long time in one form or another, and the devil is in the details.

Very cool, and very interesting indeed.